What is Domain Name?

A domain name is a unique name that identifies a website. For ex, the domain name of the Creative Core Web Studio is “creativecore.co.in”. Each website has a domain name that serves as an address, which is used to access the website.

Every domain name has a suffix that indicates which top level domain (TLD) it belongs to. There are only a limited number of such domains. For ex,





 

Generic Top-Level Domains (gTLD)

The following table represents the generic top-level domains (i.e. including .com, .org, etc).

Domain Purpose / Sponsoring Organization
.COM Generic top-level domain
VeriSign Global Registry Services
.INFO Generic top-level domain
Afilias Limited
.NET Generic top-level domain
VeriSign Global Registry Services
.ORG Generic top-level domain
Public Interest Registry (PIR)

 





Generic-Restricted Top-Level Domains

Generic-restricted top-level domain names are similar to the generic top-level domains, only eligibility is intended to be restricted and ascertained more stringently.

Domain Purpose / Sponsoring Organization
.BIZ Restricted for Business
NeuStar, Inc.
.NAME Reserved for individuals
The Global Name Registry Ltd.
.PRO Restricted to credentialed professionals and related entities
Registry Services Corporation

 

Sponsored Top-Level Domains (sTLD)

These domains are proposed and sponsored by private agencies or organizations that establish and enforce rules restricting the eligibility to use the TLD. IANA also groups sTLDs with the generic top-level domains.

Domain Purpose / Sponsoring Organization
.ASIA Restricted to the Pan-Asia and Asia Pacific community
DotAsia Organization Ltd.
.EDU Reserved for post-secondary institutions accredited by an agency on the U.S. Department of Education’s list of Nationally Recognized Accrediting Agencies
EDUCAUSE
.GOV Reserved exclusively for the United States Government
General Services Administration
Attn: QTDC, 2E08 (.gov Domain Registration)
.JOBS Reserved for human resource managers
Employ Media LLC
.MOBI Reserved for consumers and providers of mobile products and services
mTLD Top Level Domain Limited dba dotMobi
.MUSEUM Reserved for museums
Museum Domain Management Association
.TEL Reserved for businesses and individuals to publish their contact data
Telnic Ltd.
.TRAVEL Reserved for entities whose primary area of activity is in the travel industry
Tralliance Registry Management Company, LLC.

 





Country Code Top-Level Domains (ccTLD)

Country code top-level domain names are those that are generally used for a specific country or dependent territory. All ccTLD identifiers are two letters long, and all two-letter top-level domains are ccTLDs.

Some countries use a second-level domain to represent the entity type (for example, .com.cn for Chinese companies, or.org.cn for Chinese organizations).

Domain Purpose / Sponsoring Organization
.BD Bangladesh
Ministry of Post & Telecommunications
Bangladesh Secretariate
.CA Canada
Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA)
Autorite Canadienne pour les Enregistrements Internet (ACEI)
.CN China
Chinese Academy of Sciences
The Computer Network Center
.CO Colombia
Universidad de Los Andes
NIC Colombia
.GB United Kingdom
Reserved Domain – IANA
.GD Grenada
The National Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (NTRC)
.GE Georgia
SANET Ltd.
.GF French Guiana
Net Plus
.GG Guernsey
Island Networks Ltd.
.GH Ghana
Network Computer Systems Limited
.GI Gibraltar
Sapphire Networks
.HK Hong Kong
Hong Kong Internet Registration Corporation Ltd.
.ID Indonesia
IDNIC-PPAU Mikroelektronika
.IN India
National Centre for Software Technology
.IQ Iraq
National Communications and Media
Commission of Iraq
.IR Iran, Islamic Republic of
Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics & Mathematics (IPM)
.JP Japan
Japan Registry Services Co., Ltd.
.LK Sri Lanka
Council for Information Technology
LK Domain Registrar
.NP Nepal
Mercantile Communications Pvt. Ltd.
.PK Pakistan
PKNIC
.UK United Kingdom
Nominet UK
.UM United States Minor Outlying Islands
Not assigned
.US United States
NeuStar, Inc.
Loudon Tech Center

 

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